Turkish Adaptation of the Views of Nature of Science-Form C: Validity and Reliability Study
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Aksaray University
Gazi University
Hasan Özcan   

Aksaray University, Eğitim Fakültesi, MFBE Bölümü, Fen Bilgisi Eğitimi AD, 68100 Aksaray, Turkey
Online publish date: 2018-06-07
Publish date: 2018-06-07
International Journal of Physics and Chemistry Education 2018;10(1):41–49
Background The aim of this study is to adapt the nature of science questionnaire C form to Turkish in a valid and reliable manner. The questionnaire was developed by Abd-El Khalick (1998) and further amendments on the questionnaire were made by Lederman, Abd-El-Khalick, Bell, and Schwartz (2002). Material and methods The process of adaptation of the questionnaire was carried out in five steps. These are: translating from English to Turkish, back translation from Turkish into English, the implementation of both Turkish and English versions with preservice science teachers, carrying out the pilot research and then the actual research. Results The items 1 and 4, 6, 7, and 8 after validity and reliability study were revisited and each question was separated into two and indicated as a and b (e.g. 1-a and 1-b). The questionnaire is frequently used in the nature of science research and it was previously adapted to German, Portuguese, Thai, Swedish, Vietnamese and Korean. Conclusions It is hoped that the Turkish adaptation will contribute to the studies in nature of science in Turkey.
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