Comparison of Science High School, Fine Art School and General High School Students’ Environmental Consciousness and Their Attitudes Towards Environment



Attitudes towards environment, High school students, Environmental education


In this study, the purpose is to compare 10th grade science high school, fine art school and general high school students’ attitudes towards environment in Adiyaman. These three high schools are different in terms of their educational and foundational missions. 212 students from science high school, fine art school and general high school have participated in this study. In this study, scale named attitudes towards environment, which was developed by Gökce for determining the elementary school students’ attitudes towards environment, was used after modification of the items. Likert type survey was used in this study with the 0.67 Cronbach alpha value. Research data were presented by number, percent distribution, arithmetic mean, t-test, and one-way ANOVA to compare attitudes towards environment points. Attitudes towards environment were considered with reflect to school, department, and gender. According to the findings of the research, students in general high school had greater attitude scores and have more positive attitudes towards environment comparing to students in fine art high school and science high school. It was also observed that students in social science departments and girls had more positive attitudes comparing to students in science and Turkish-Mathematics (TM) and boys respectively.

Author Biography

Kamile Gülüm, Adiyaman University

Current affiliation @ Balıkesir University


Akıs, S. (2000). Environmental Consciousness in North Cyprus. Journal of Dogus University, 1, 7-17.

Altin, M., Bacanli, H. & Yildiz, K. (2002). Attitudes of Prospective Teachers of Biology Oriented Environment. Book of Abstracts of The 5th National Science and Mathematics Congress, ODTÜ, September 6-18, 2002, Ankara.

State Planning Organization (SPO) (1994). Environmental Special Commission. Seventh Five-Year Development Plan Report. Ankara: SPO Publications.

Aslan O., Uluçınar, Ş., & Cansaran A. (2008). Environmental Knowledge and Environmental Attitudes of Elementary Students of the Review in terms of Different Variables, Elementary Education Online, 7(2), 496-511, 2008.

Atasoy, E. (2005), Education for Environment: A Study on to Primary School Students' Environmental Attitudes and Environmental Information, unpublished doctoral thesis, Uludağ University Institute of Social Sciences, Bursa.

Ceritli, İ. (1996). Environmental Issues-Environment Relations and a research sample for Education, Science Expertise Thesis, Cumhuriyet University Institute of Social Sciences, Sivas, 56.

Chawla, L. (1992). Research Priorities in Enviromental Education. Children’s Enviroment, (9), 68-71.

Çabuk, B. & Cem Karacaoğlu, Ö. (2003). Examination of University Students' Environmental Awareness, A. Un. Edu. Fac. Jor., 36, 1-2.

Ekici, G. (2005). High School Students' Attitudes Towards the Environment Education Research. Journal of Educational Research, 18, 71-83.

Erol, G. H. & Gezer, K. (2006). Prospective of Elementary School Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Environment and Environmental Problems. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 1(1), 65-77.

Erten, S. (2003). 5th Class students "reduce waste" to gain awareness of a teaching model. H. U. Journal of Faculty of Education, 25. Ankara

Erten, S. (2002). Elementary Students (6, 7, 8 Classes) motif environment is useful behavior research. V. National Congress of Science and Mathematics Education book. 16-18 September, 2002, Ankara.

Eschenhagen, D., Kattmann, U., & Rodi, D. (1998). Fachdidaktik Biologie. Köln, Aulis, 1998.

Gezer, K., Köse, S., & Erol, G. H. (2006). Çal, Bekilli and Baklan High School Students' Oriented Comparison of Environmental Attitudes, Çal Symposium, Denizli.

Gökçe, N., Kaya, E., Aktay, S., & Özden, M. (2007). Elementary Students’ Attitudes Towards Environment. Primary online, 6(3), 452-468.

Görümlü, T. (2003). High School of the Environment Against Involvement Be Formed Importance of Environmental Education. Unpublished Master's Thesis, Gazi University, Institute of Educational Sciences, Ankara.

Ministry of Environment (1998). Environmental Notes, Ministry of Environment Publications.

Mrazek, R. (1993). Alternative Paradigms in Environmental Education Research. Monographs in Environmental Education and Environmental Studies. North American Association for Environmental Education (NAAEE), 8, 333.

NAAEE (1994). Pathways to partnerships: Coalition for Environment Education, Conference Proceeding (R. Mrazek, Ed.) Big Sky, Montana.

Özmen, D., Çetinkaya, A. Ç., & Nehir, S. (2005). University Students' Attitudes Towards Environmental Problems. TSK Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 4 (6).

Pepper, D. (1983). The Roots of Modern Environmentalism. London: Croom Helm.

Poortinga, W., Steg, L., & Vlek, C. (2004). Values, environmental concern and environmental behavior. Environment and Behavior, 36(1), 70-93.

Sungurtekin, Ş. (2001). "Applied Environmental Education Project" in the Kindergarden and primary school coverage in the" Music Through Environmental Education." Uludag University Faculty of Education Journal, 14, 1, Bursa.

Şama, E. (2003). Attitudes Towards Environmental Problems of Teacher Candidates. G.U. Journal of Education Faculty, 23(2), 99-110.

Tosunoğlu, C. (1993). A Study on the Dimensions and Determinants of Environmental Attitudes. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, ODTÜ, Ankara.

United Nations Environment Program (1987). Environmental Education and Training. Moskova.

Uzun, N. & Sağlam, N. (2007). Environmental Education in Secondary Education Institutions and the Opinion of Teacher about Environmental Education Program. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, (26), 176-187.

Yılmaz, O., Boone, W., & Andersen, H. O. (2004). Views of elementary and middle school Turkish students toward environmental issues. International Journal of Science Education, 26(12), 1527-1546.

Yücel, A.S. & Morgil, F. İ. (1999). Development of Environmental Education. Balıkesir University Journal of Science Institutes, 1(1), 76-89.




How to Cite

Akgün, A., & Gülüm, K. (2009). Comparison of Science High School, Fine Art School and General High School Students’ Environmental Consciousness and Their Attitudes Towards Environment. International Journal of Physics &Amp; Chemistry Education, 1(1), 21–31. Retrieved from