Contributions of "Problems Solving Strategies" in Physics Issues of ENEM

Authors

  • Guilherme Stecca Marcom Programa de Pós Graduação Multiunidades em Ensino de Ciências e Matemática (PECIM); Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil
  • Maurício Urban Kleinke Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghing (IFGW); Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Brazil

Keywords:

ENEM, Formative assessment, Physics issues, Problems-solving strategies, Wrong alternatives

Abstract

Brazil has some large-scale assessments, for instance, state or national exams to evaluate basic education, higher education admission process, and the national high school exam (ENEM) which is for sure the most important. We use the researches on problem-solving strategies, because they provide a number of difficulties associated with the resolution of questions of physics. As seen, know the difficulties presented by beginners in their solution strategies of a problem can suggest ways to understand what the reasons signal a wrong alternative are. The strategies analyzes results in the following inferences: a not correct use of units of measurement; the presence of symbolic forms; intuitive reasoning in solving problems; not scientific concepts and wrong images’ analysis present in item. If the results returned for the schools teaches and managers can be used to promote learning, and we expected that physics teachers, use those information to improve the students’ knowledge, in physic area on public schools.

References

Beichner, R. J. (1994). Testing student interpretation of kinematics graphs. American Journal of Physics, 62(8) 750 – 762.

Berg, C. A.; Smith, P. (1994). Assessing Students’ Abilities to Construct and Interpret Line Graphs: Disparities between Multiple-Choice and Free-Response Instruments. Science Education, 78(6), 527 – 554.

Black, P. (2009). Os Professores Podem Usar A Avaliação Para Melhorar O Ensino? Práxis Educativa, 4(2), 195 – 201.

Chi, M. T. H., Feltovich, P. J., & Glaser, R. (1981). Categorization and representation of physics problems by experts and novices. Cognitive Science, 5(2), 121 – 152.

Chi, M. T. H., Glaser, R., & Rees, E. (1982). Expertise in problem solving. In Sternberg, R. J. (Ed.), Advances in the psychology of human intelligence, (v. 1, pp. 7-75). Hillsdale, NJ.

Clement, J. (1994). Use of physical intuition and imagistic simulation in expert problem solving. In: TIROSH, D. (Eds.), Implicit and explicit knowledge. (pp. 204-244). Norwood, NJ.

Hale, P. (2000) Kinematics and Graphs: Students’ Difficulties and CBLs. Connecting Research to Teaching, 93(5), 414 – 417.

Kohl, P. B.; Finkelstein, N. D. (2006) Effects of representation on students solving physics problems: A fine-grained characterization. Physical Review Special Topics - Physics Education Research, 2(1), 010106-1 – 010106-12.

Kuo, E. et al. (2013). How Students Blend Conceptual and Formal Mathematical Reasoning in Solving Physics Problems. Science Education, 97(1), 32 – 57.

Larkin, J. et al. (1980). Expert and Novice Performance in Solving Physics Problems. Science, 208(4450), 1335 – 1342.

Lozada, C. O.; Araújo, M. S.T.; Marrone, W.; Amaral, L.H. (2006). A Modelagem Matemática Aplicada Ao Ensino De Física No Ensino Médio. Revista Logos, (14), 2 – 12.

Maloney, D. P. (2011). An overview of physics education research on problem solving. Getting Started in Physics Education Research, 1(2), 1 – 33.

Marcom, G. S. (2015). O ENEM com indicador qualitativo para o ensino: uma aplicação às questões de Física. 2015. 211f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ensino de Ciências e Matemática) – Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin, UNICAMP, Campinas.

Marcom, G. S. & Kleinke, M. U. (2016) Análises dos distratores das questões de Física em Exames de Larga Escala. Caderno Brasileiro de Ensino de Física, 33(1), 72-91.

Sabella, M. S.; Redish, E. (2007) Knowledge organization and activation in physics problem solving. American Journal of Physics, 75(11), 1017 – 1029.

Sherin, B. L. (2001) How Students Understand Physics Equations. Cognition and Instruction, 19(4), 479 – 541.

Taras, M. (2010) De Volta ao Básico: definições e processos de avaliação. Práxis Educativa, 5(2), 123 – 130.

Downloads

Published

08/27/2017

How to Cite

Marcom, G. S., & Kleinke, M. U. . (2017). Contributions of "Problems Solving Strategies" in Physics Issues of ENEM. International Journal of Physics &Amp; Chemistry Education, 9(2), 13–16. Retrieved from https://www.ijpce.org/index.php/IJPCE/article/view/64