The Effects of Peer Instruction Method on Attitudes of 9th Grade Students towards Physics Course
Keywords:Peer Instruction, Attitude Towards Physics, Physics Education
The aim of this study is to determine the effects of peer instruction method on student attitudes towards physics course. In the study, single group pre and posttest quasi- experimental design was adopted. The study was conducted with 46 students registered to 9th grade in a secondary school situated in Ankara province in Turkey in the spring term of 2012-2013 educational year. During 50 class hours “Force and Motion” and “Energy” units were instructed with peer instruction method. “Physics Attitude Scale (PAS)” was utilized as the main data collection tool of the study. PAS is 5-choice Likert type scale with 30 items. The reliability coefficient Cronbach Alpha of the PAS was calculated as 0.963. PAS which, was applied onto the students before and after peer instruction period has 4 factors called; ‘physics course perception’, ‘appreciating the value of physics course’, ‘expectations about physics course’ and ‘hesitations about physics course’. The data obtained with PAS were analyzed with dependent samples t-test. There was statistically significant difference between ‘appreciating the value of physics course’ and ‘expectations about physics course’ factors. This difference may arise from that the peer instruction method encourages students to speak and share ideas among peers more frequently about physics phenomena. As a result of the study the application of peer instruction method was recommended as it facilitates conceptual discussions in abstract concepts of physics.
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